Level of Care Transformation
The Home and Community Based Services (HCBS) program operated by the Division of Senior and Disability Services (DSDS), provides essential services to seniors and people with disabilities to remain in the least restrictive environment for as long as safely possible. The HCBS program, whose eligibility criteria was last updated in regulation in 1982, has seen many changes since its inception 38 years ago. Though the program has continued to increase in participant numbers, the State continues to measure participant need of services using criteria that no longer reflects the 21st century medical advancements and growth of Missouri’s aging population. The need for hands-on care in a participant’s home has only increased as Missouri’s population has aged. Moreover, as the program continues to grow, it is vital the state is able to focus on ensuring Medicaid resources are correctly allocated. The transformed eligibility guidelines for this program will ensure the right services, to the right people, in the right setting, at the right time.
Past attempts to adjust eligibility guidelines to Nursing Facility Level of Care (NF LOC) have focused on changes to point values within the 1982 developed model. DSDS began the LOC Transformation process in 2017 to address the underlying systemic problem of NF LOC. Through national research of best practices and robust stakeholder feedback, DSDS identified the foundation to the right LOC model is measuring need rather than symptoms. These needs are measured through a blend of points and automatic eligibility triggers. The triggers are a representation of the common sense approach of the entire transformation. Triggers are a mechanism by which those with certain characteristics of need become automatically eligible for NF LOC regardless of any other combination of points.
DSDS has identified two key pieces to the LOC Transformation project. First, the NF LOC eligibility needs to be updated to reflect the appropriate criteria to determine the needs of individuals. Second, in an enhanced focus is needed on ensuring timely, consistent, and accurate assessments. DSDS recognizes while updating the eligibility criteria is important, it is equally important to ensure assessments and care planning are consistently and accurately conducted utilizing the new criteria.
LOC Transformation Eligibility Criteria
- INFO 06-21-04 Level of Care Transformation Update
- INFO 01-21-02 Level of Care Transformation Update
- INFO 10-20-01 Level of Care Transformation (LOC) Q&A Session
- INFO 09-20-04 Level of Care Transformation Update
- PM/VM-19-08 Level of Care (LOC) Transformation Project – Release of Draft LOC Algorithm 2.0
- PM/VM-18-22 Level of Care (LOC) Transformation Project - Draft LOC Algorithm Release – December 2018
- News Release: DHSS Opens Public Comment Period for Updates to Medicaid-Funded Home and Community Based Services Program
LOC Version 2.2 *
LOC Version 2.0 *
- LOC Draft Algorithm 2.0 Walkthrough Video
- LOC Algorithm 2.0
- Nursing Facility Level of Care (LOC) Determination Guide
- LOC Scoring Worksheet 2.0
LOC Version 1.0 *
*These previous draft materials were used during the Level of Care Transformation project development. For the latest algorithm materials, please refer to the LOC Transformation Eligibility Criteria section above.
For more information, contact us at LOCTransformation@health.mo.gov.