- Water Fluoridation Basics: What Operators Need to Know
- National Academies: NTP’s Conclusion about Fluoride Is Not Backed by Science, 3/10/2020
- AADR Comment on Effect of Fluoride Exposure on Children’s IQ Study
- AAP Pediatrics Video Abstracts
- Fluoride and IQ Scores: A Closer Look at the Green Study
- AAP continues to recommend fluoride following new study on maternal intake and child IQ
- ADA Statement on Study in JAMA Pediatrics
- ADA.org - Fluoride
Community water fluoridation helps prevent tooth decay by adjusting the fluoride in the water supply to an optimal level. Many drinking water supplies contain some fluoride naturally, however, to prevent tooth decay, it is important to supplement and maintain an adequate level of fluoride to achieve this goal.
Facts About Water Fluoridation
- Fluoridation is safe.
- Fluoridation is the least expensive and most effective way to reduce tooth decay.
- People drinking fluoridated water have 20 to 40 percent less tooth decay.
- Community Water Fluoridation Infographic
- Fluoride: Fact vs. Fiction Quiz
- Fluoridation Map of Missouri
- How Fluoridation Works English | Spanish
- Know the Facts - Fluoridation
Approximately 100 communities in Missouri are currently supplementing the natural fluoride level in the water system to the optimum for dental decay prevention.
Graphic used with permission from ADA.
What is fluorosis?
Dental fluorosis is a condition that causes changes in the appearance of tooth enamel. It may result when children regularly consume fluoride during the teeth-forming years, age 8 and younger. Most dental fluorosis in the U.S. is very mild to mild, appearing as white spots on the tooth surface that may be barely noticeable and do not affect dental function. Moderate and severe forms of dental fluorosis, which are far less common, cause more extensive enamel changes. In the rare, severe form, pits may form in the teeth. The severe form hardly ever occurs in communities where the level of fluoride in water is less than 2 milligrams per liter.
Fluorosis is not a disease. The effect of fluorosis, in most cases, can only be determined by a dentist during an examination. Fluorosis in the United States will not effect tooth function and may make teeth more resistant to tooth decay.
- CDC FAQs on Dental Fluorosis
- Dental Fluorosis in the United States
- Fluorosis Facts
- Key Facts about Fluorosis
- MouthHealthy.org - Fluorosis
My Water’s Fluoride
- Visit Missouri's "My Water’s Fluoride" page to find out whether your local water system optimally fluoridates its water. For more specific information, contact your local water district.
- The Missouri Department of Natural Resources maintains a website containing Consumer Confidence Reports on each community water supply in Missouri.
- American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) I Like My Teeth
- American Dental Association (ADA) Optimal Fluoride Level in Drinking Water
- ADA Mouth Healthy Fluoridation
- American Fluoridation Society
- Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Community Water Fluoridation
- Fluoride Missouri
- How to Read a Study about Fluoride or Fluoridation
- Missouri Coalition for Oral Health - Resources
- The Story of Fluoridation
- NIH, Recommendation for Fluoride Concentration in Drinking Water for the Prevention of Dental Caries
Standards and Regulations
Learn More: Water Fluoridation Training
- Missouri Water Resources Research Center (MOWRRC) offers CEU credits in Community Water Fluoridation Basics - Training
- CDC Fluoridation Learning Online
Currently no CEC/CEUs available. Courses are free.
- American Water College (AWC) is a training organization, devoted to helping the professionals in the Water and Wastewater fields achieve their career goals. AWC was established by operators to help other operators get the training necessary to maintain certification as well as pass certification exams. All courses have been developed and reviewed by professionals with "real life" experience. This helps to ensure the information presented is relevant to the operator. Courses are not free.
- Water Fluoridation Basics: What Operators Need to Know
- CDC Engineering and Administrative Recommendations for Water Fluoridation
- How to Neutralize Acid Leaks and Spills
- Scientific Statement on Community Water Fluoridation
- Water Fluoridation Additives (CDC)
- Drinking Water Pipe Systems (CDC)
- Water Fluoridation Guidelines and Recommendations (CDC)
- Recommended Standards for Water Works
- Fluoride Systems Design is covered in the courses offered through MOWRCC. For more information, see course information under Fluoridation Training.
Fluoride Notification Statute Information
Missouri Revised Statute 640.136 was signed by the Governor in June of 2016. This statute requires that any public water system or district must notify the Missouri Department of Natural Resources (DNR), Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services (DHSS), and its customers of its intentions to make modifications to fluoridation of its water supply.
- To review the state law: Missouri Revised Statute 640.136.
- A change in practices includes any addition or discontinuation of fluoridation.
- The notification must take place at least 90 days prior to any vote or meeting where a change in fluoridation practices is decided.
- Notification of customers may be accomplished through any combination of the following: radio, television, newspaper regular mail, or electronic means.
- The Notification of Fluoride Modification form must be submitted to both DNR and DHSS. To access this form, visit: https://dnr.mo.gov/document-search/notification-fluoride-modification-mo-780-2685.