Zika virus is currently circulating in Mexico, Central and South America, many countries/territories in the Caribbean region, and in a small number of geographically limited areas of the continental United States. There have been travel-related cases of Zika virus infection in Missouri, but there have been no reported cases of Zika infection due to a local mosquito bite.

Local responses to Zika virus cases or an outbreak will differ by jurisdiction and will be dependent on where Aedes species mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus) are endemic. Aedes mosquitoes are believed to be in Missouri. DHSS is currently working to identify regions in Missouri with these specific types of mosquitoes. Any region with Aedes species of mosquito is at risk of local mosquitoes becoming infected with Zika if those mosquitoes bite a person that has Zika virus in his/her blood.

Any location may possibly have travel-associated cases so there is a need for ongoing vector control, mosquito surveillance, and mosquito bite prevention. There are a number of ways local governments can be involved in stopping the spread of Zika—the primary methods of prevention include controlling mosquitoes and urging citizens to use personal protection measures.

Local Government Action Steps

  • Local governments are encouraged to implement vector control programs.
    • Local governments are encouraged to implement Tip n’ Toss programs on all public property. This would include parks, nature areas, city streets, sidewalks, maintenance areas, landfills, vacant lots, etc.
    • If possible, local governments are encouraged to implement a communication network with vector control/surveillance partners.
    • Local governments are encouraged to establish or enhance local vector surveillance and control measures including elimination of mosquito breeding habitat.
    • Local governments are encouraged to organize and/or support local neighborhood clean-up efforts to eliminate mosquito breeding areas.
  • Local governments are encouraged to educate communities on how to reduce mosquito populations through Tip n’ Toss programs and elimination of mosquito breeding sites.
  • Local governments are encouraged to educate communities on how to protect themselves using personal protection measures.
    • Education of public employees and implementation of personal protection measures in the workplace is strongly encouraged.
    • Placement of educational materials at airports regarding Zika is strongly encouraged.
    • Information regarding personal protection measures can be found in the Zika Personal Protection Measures section of the website and in the Resources section.