Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a very common bacterial sexually transmitted disease/sexually transmitted infection (STD/STI). Gonorrhea is spread through contact with the penis, mouth, vagina, or anus of an infected person. That means it is passed from person to person through oral, vaginal, or anal sex. Gonorrhea can also infect the eyes and throat. Gonorrhea can be passed from an infected mother to her child during the birthing process.

 

 
Gonorrhea can cause infections in the genitals, rectum, throat and sometimes the eyes.

Symptoms
Most people, both males and females, with gonorrhea have no symptoms at all.
For women who do experience symptoms, an untreated gonorrhea infection may cause

Males who have symptoms may experience

Both males and females who have anal intercourse can contract gonorrhea infections in the anus. Most commonly, a person with an untreated anal infection will not experience any symptoms. Both males and females who have symptoms may experience a discharge from the anus, anal itching, soreness, or bleeding from the anus and painful bowel movements.

Gonorrhea in Pregnancy
Gonorrhea is strongly associated with ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, infertility, increased risk for miscarriage, preterm delivery and premature rupture of the amniotic sac, which increases the fetus’s risk for infection and preterm delivery. During delivery, babies are exposed to these bacteria and risk developing blindness, joint and life-threatening blood infections.

 
How do you reduce your risk?

  • Abstinence (which means not having ANY vaginal, anal or oral sex)
  • Using condoms or dental dams the right way every time you have sex
  • Having one un-infected partner who only has sex with you
  • Avoiding alcohol or drug use because they may lead to risky sexual behavior
  • Talking to your partner(s) about their sexual history

Prevention
Consider abstinence.
Not having vaginal, anal, or oral sex is the most effective way to avoid getting chlamydia and other STDs (including HIV).

Use male latex condoms and dental dams if you decide to have sex.
Condoms are not 100% effective. But they can help protect against gonorrhea and other STDs (including HIV).

If you have a latex allergy you have alternatives, there are polyurethane and polyisoprene male condoms available as well as polyurethane female condoms.

Limit your partners.
To be safer, only have sex with one un-infected partner who does not have sex with anyone else.

Avoid alcohol or drug use because these activities may lead to risky sexual behavior. It is important to talk to your partner about their sexual history.

Washing your genitals, urinating, or douching after sex will not protect you from getting gonorrhea.

Getting Tested
Get tested if you think you or your partner may have gonorrhea. Ask your partner to get tested, too. Avoid having sex until you are sure neither of you is infected. This will help prevent repeat infections.

Regular screenings are advised for many people. Experts recommend yearly screening for gonorrhea if you are:

Screenings are also recommended for pregnant women.

Have an open and honest talk with your healthcare provider so they can assess the testing you may need. He or she may also advise getting tested for other STDs, including HIV.

Testing is simple and painless. Many clinics offer STD testing. Go to gettested.cdc.gov to find a test site near you. A urine sample or swab sample may be tested for signs of infection. Talk with your healthcare provider if you have any questions about your test results.

Treatment
Because gonorrhea is a bacterial infection, it can be cured with antibiotics prescribed by a health care provider for the specific gonorrhea infection. This, again, stresses the importance of routine testing and screening by a health care provider for STDs/STIs and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, because only health care providers can properly diagnose and treat STDs/STIs and HIV.

What if I don’t get treated?

Even if you had gonorrhea in the past and you were successfully cured, you can still get it again.