Pregnant women

  Population considerations

  • Physical changes.  During pregnancy, women are more likely to have sensitive gums (Breedlove, 2004).
  • Changes in nutrition. Pregnancy can change dietary habits.  In particular, increased carbohydrate intake may place women at an increased risk for cavities and gum disease (Casamassimo, 2001).
  • Morning sickness. Morning sickness causes vomiting and nausea, which may cause erosion of the enamel of the teeth (Casamassimo, 2001).

  Strategies to address these considerations

  • Increase knowledge. Education about the importance of oral health for both the mother and the child may have a stronger impact during pregnancy. Providers can address concerns about the oral health check-up process, such as x-rays, medications and recommended treatment.

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