Home-based Settings

Home-based interventions attempt to involve the entire family in efforts to prevent motor vehicle injuries. For example, through interactions between children and parents or guardians, families can help to model appropriate behaviors such as wearing seatbelts. Likewise, the family is a useful source of social support for the challenges associated with peer pressure to drive under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.

Previous work in home-based settings has found:

  • Given the evidence for the efficacy of home-based programs in improving parenting skills of low-income parents of preschool children, a home-based motor vehicle safety program may be the most developmentally appropriate and ecologically valid method of delivering health education to low-income, inner-city families.
  • A home-based motor vehicle safety program is a way to overcome barriers that other interventions may face. For example, literacy and time constraints can hamper the use of written materials. Lack of transportation, schedule conflicts and busy parental lifestyles can be reasons that may limit participation in community-based health programs. Lastly, internet technology is not accessible to all families.
  • Motor vehicle injury strategies in home-based settings often emphasize parent/family involvement recommending participation in activities together (e.g., homework assignments, special classes for parents while children are in classes, support groups for parents).
  • At home, intervention strategies often emphasize emotional support (e.g., encouragement to avoid drinking and driving) alone or in addition to these other forms of support.
  • The Internet is becoming an increasingly popular setting to provide health information for those living in rural areas with limited reach and availability of programs, as well as those who are homebound.

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