Heart Disease and Stroke in Different Populations

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Before selecting your intervention strategies, think about how certain population characteristics may affect the success of your intervention. For example, population subgroups that differ by age, race, ethnicity, income or geography may respond differently to your intervention.  The following considerations and strategies reflect “lessons learned” from heart disease and stroke interventions conducted within various population subgroups.  Despite the increasing accumulation of all types of evidence, knowledge about “how something should be done” remains limited (Rychetnick, 2004).  Therefore, the considerations and strategies provided below may or may not be applicable to all subgroups. As always, it is helpful to work with the priority populations in adapting intervention activities to best fit their needs.

The major risk factors for heart disease and stroke are family history, cigarette smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, physical inactivity and poor nutrition. Depending on the type of intervention you plan, it may be helpful to visit the population pages for related risk factors and conditions (Diabetes, Tobacco, Physical Activity and Nutrition).

Racial and ethnic minorities



Children and adolescents

Older Adults






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