studentsAsthma is a chronic respiratory condition that affects the airways carrying air in and out of the lungs. Individuals with asthma are more sensitive to allergens and irritants because their airways are constantly inflamed.  These irritants are referred to as triggers and may include tobacco smoke, dust mites, outdoor air pollution, pets, and certain weather conditions. When triggers are encountered, a worsening of symptoms occurs resulting in an asthma attack or episode. During an asthma attack, the muscles in the airways tighten becoming more inflamed and oxygen intake is restricted, causing potentially debilitating or fatal consequences.  If an individual controls his or her asthma on a daily basis, symptoms are minimal and infrequent.

Increasing asthma awareness and knowledge can result in improved self-management among those with the condition.  Additionally, it is important to create social and environmental support for those with asthma through strategies such as providing venues for sharing experiences, reducing exposure to environmental triggers and ensuring access to needed medications and inhalers.  

Background on Asthma

Included in the Intervention MICA asthma topic are considerations for implementing interventions with different populations and in different settings. Evidence-based strategies and interventions are described in detail. Action steps, tools and resources for planning and implementing an asthma intervention are provided. Additionally, related Intervention MICA topics include:

Other websites are available that provide information about prevention and management of asthma.  For information on reducing outdoor air pollution, improving indoor air quality, increasing access to health care (e.g., screening, disease management) and eliminating asthma-related disparities, please visit the following websites:

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