Health Care Facility-based Settings
In health care facilities, health care providers give advice and support to prevent or stop the number of sexual assaults. These interventions can happen in public or private health care settings, such as a doctor’s office, hospital, health department, or assisted living facility. Providers may receive training as well as reminders to discuss sexual assault prevention with their patients or clients. Other interventions in health care facility-based settings can create environment and policy changes. For example, these policies can require providers to receive training on sexual assault prevention or ask patients or clients to report sexual assault. Referrals to other community resources can also be an important part of interventions in health care settings.
Health care facility-based interventions work best when used with interventions in other settings:
- Community-based settings: health care providers can advocate for policies to prevent or stop the number of sexual assaults in the community
- School-based settings: health care providers can train school nurses to be familiar with the signs and symptoms of sexual assault victims
- Worksite-based settings: health care facility managers can make crisis resources available for employees in health care settings
- Faith-based settings: health care providers can work with faith-based groups to reach community members who may be victims of sexual assault
- Home-based settings: health care providers can encourage families to talk about how to prevent sexual assault
Things to consider for health care facility-based interventions:
- Health care facilities can have posters and signs to remind patients and clients to ask their health care providers about sexual assault prevention.
- Health care providers can have reminders in their patient or client charts to help them remember to talk about sexual assault prevention.
- There are a lot of different types of health care facilities that can help to reach a large number of individuals, young or old, poor or rich, or victims. For example, individuals may go to hospitals, pharmacies, maternal clinics, dental clinics, WIC clinics, emergency rooms, residential care facilities, or pediatrician clinics.
- Patients and clients are likely to trust the information that they receive from their health care provider. However, some populations have a history of mistrust of health care providers. In this case, health care providers can make a special effort to talk to the patient or client and make them feel more comfortable.
- Health care providers have limited time with their patients or clients. They also have many different health care topics to talk about in this time. This means the advice related to sexual assault prevention should be short and simple. Referrals to other community resources can also be helpful to health care providers.
- Health care providers may have to work to get parents to talk about sexual assault prevention with their children. Training health care providers on how to give advice to parents to talk to their children is important.
- There are many types of reminders to talk about sexual assault prevention with patients, such as posters, signs, medical charts, and e-mail or phone reminders. Many of these reminders can be tailored to different populations, such as children or adults, African Americans or Latinos, and lower income or higher income families.
- It is important to work with managers at health care facilities to help them create environments and policies to prevent or stop the number of sexual assaults.
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