Community-based interventions use different strategies and activities to help change community members’ awareness, attitudes, beliefs and skills. These strategies and activities may reduce sexual assault, or the social, economic and environmental conditions related to sexual assault. The benefit is that the combination of different strategies and activities may have something for everyone. This includes individuals, families, organizations, neighborhoods or other groups with something in common. For example, this may be living in the same area, belonging to the same organization or having similar beliefs.
Community-based interventions work best when used with interventions in other settings:
- School-based settings: communities can offer skill-building classes to prevent sexual assault in local schools
- Worksite-based settings: communities can post signs or give flyers about sexual assault prevention in the workplace
- Faith-based settings: communities can give faith-based organizations referrals to local shelters
- Health care facility-based settings: health care providers can speak at community events
- Home-based settings: communities can give out sexual assault prevention fact sheets door-to-door
Things to consider for community-based interventions:
- Community-based strategies and activities can reach people who do not get information in other settings, such as school, work, or faith and health organizations.
- Many children go to after school programs in the community. For example, the Boys and Girls Club or Boy and Girl Scouts have programs for children. These programs add to what is offered at schools to give students more choices. These programs can work on goal setting and skill-building to prevent sexual assault or help find out if the child has been assaulted.
- Day care centers look after many children and can provide information to parents about the health and safety of their children. These messages can also provide support to parents who may be victims of sexual assault.
- Community-based interventions should work with the community, not on the community. Get input from community members on the strategies and activities that work best.