Preparing for Your Intervention
Preparing goals and objectives
Before beginning the process of planning an intervention to address your priority health issue, it is important to have clear goals and objectives for the project. The goals and objectives should align with the vision and mission created by the partnership (see Partnership).
The project goals and objectives will then be used to guide development of specific action steps throughout the intervention planning process. The worksheet is provided for you and your partners to use as a working document throughout the intervention planning, implementation and evaluation processes.
Printable Goals and Objectives Worksheet (.pdf) or (.doc)
Preparing a logic model
A logic model is a visual tool used to align program inputs, activities, and outputs with the intended outcomes for the intervention goals and objectives. The logic model communicates what is the intended causal pathway for creating the desired change in the health condition. A well constructed logic model can serve as a guide for implementing and evaluating a successful intervention.
Creating a logic model requires understanding of the determinants of health and the evidence of how health behaviors are successfully improved. For more information, see the evidence-based strategies sections for each topic in Intervention MICA.
A logic model typically includes the following components:
- Inputs – Resources used to conduct intervention activities (funding, staffing, materials)
- Activities – Actions conducted with the intent of producing change (community-wide media campaign, provision of preventive services, youth advocacy event)
- Outputs – Documentation of the activities conducted (Number of messages released, number of service recipients, number of youth participating in the event)
- Outcomes – Short-term (increased knowledge or improved attitudes;
increased access to preventive services;
creation of new policies)
Intermediate (increase intent to engage in healthy behaviors;
increased utilization of preventive services;
increased compliance with policies)
Long-term (decreased prevalence of risk factors, diseases, conditions and deaths)
Following are a typical framework for a logic model (Figure 1) and an example logic model for an intervention to eliminate exposure to secondhand smoke in public places (Figure 2).
Figure 1: Typical logic model framework
Figure 2: Example logic model for eliminating exposure to secondhand smoke in public places
Adapted from Key Outcome Indicators For Evaluating Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2005.
The following are additional tools available to assist with intervention planning: