Physical Activity in Different Populations
Before selecting your intervention strategies, it is important to think about how certain population characteristics may affect the success of the intervention. For example, population subgroups that differ by age, race, ethnicity, income or geography may respond differently to your intervention.
The following considerations and strategies reflect “lessons learned” from physical activity interventions conducted within various population subgroups. Despite the increasing accumulation of all types of evidence, knowledge about “how something should be done” remains limited (Rychetnik, 2004). Therefore, the considerations and strategies provided below may or may not be applicable to all subgroups. As always, it may be useful to work with the priority populations in adapting intervention activities to fit their needs.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). (June 2002). Physical Activity and Older Americans: Benefits and Strategies.http://www.ahrq.gov/ppip/activity.htm
Bank-Wallace J, Conn V. (2002) Interventions to promote physical activity among African American women. Public Health Nurs. 19(5):321-335.
Burton NW, Turrell G, Olderburg B. (2003). Participation in recreational physical activity: Why do socioeconomic groups differ? Health Education and Behavior. 30(2):225-244.
Fletcher GM, Behrens TK, Domina L. (2008). Barriers and Enabling Factors for Work-site physical activity programs: A Qualitative examination. J of Physical Activity and Health. 5:418-429.
Hargraves JL, J Hadley. (2003). The Contribution of Insurance Coverage and Community Resources to Reducing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Access to Care
Health Services Research 38(3): 809–829.
Hoebeke R. (2006) Low-income women’s perceived barriers to physical activity: focus group results. Applied Nursing Research. 21:60-65.
Humpel N, Owen N, Leslie E. (2002). Environmental factors associated with adults’ participation in physical activity: A review. Am. J Prev Med. 22(3):188-199.
Kaiser Family Foundation. (2007) “Key Health and Health Care Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and State.” [Online]. Available at: http://www.kff.org/minorityhealth/upload/7633.pdf
Keller C, Fleury J. (2006). Factors Related to Physical Activity in Hispanic Women. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 21(2): 142-145.
King AC. (2001). Interventions to Promote Physical Activity by Older Adults. The Journals of Gerontology. 56A(Special Issue 11):36-46.
National Center for Cultural Competence (NCCC) Available at: http://www11.georgetown.edu/research/gucchd/nccc/foundations/need.html
Pender NJ. (1998). Motivation for physical activity among children and adolescents. Annu Rev Nurs Res. 16:139-72.
Pinto BM, Marcus BH, Clark MM. (1996). Promoting physical activity in women: the new challenges. Am J Prev Med. 12(5):395-400.
Rimmer JH, Riley C, Wang E, Rausworth A, Jurkowski J. (2004) Physical Activity Participation Among Persons with Disabilities. Am J Prev Med. 26(5): 419-425.
Rees R, Kavanagh J, Harden A, Shepherd J, Brunton G, Oliver S, and Oakley A. (2006). Young people and physical activity: a systematic review matching their views to effective interventions. Health Education Research. 21(6): 806-825.
Rhodes RE, Martin AD, Taunton JE, Rhodes EC, Donnelly M, and Elliot J. (1999). Factors associated with exercise adherence among older adults: an individual perspective. Sports Med. 28(6):397-411.
Rychetnik L, Hawe P, Waters E, Barratt A, and Frommer M. (2004). A glossary for evidence based public health. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 58:538-545.
Saksvig BI, Catellier DJ, Pfieffer K, Schmitz KH, Conway T, Going S, Ward D, Strikmiller P, Treuth MS. (2007). Travel by walking before and after school and physical activity among adolescent girls. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 161:153-158.
Schutzer KA, Graves BS. (2004). Barriers and motivations to exercise in older adults. Preventive Medicine. 29:1056-1061.
Sharpe PA. (2003). Community-based physical activity intervention. Arthritis & Rheumatism. 49(3)”455-462.
Sherwood NE and Jeffrey RW. (2000) The behavioral determinants of exercise: Implications for physical activity interventions. Annu Rev Nutr. 20:21-44.
Sherwood NE, Story M, and Obarzanek E. (2004). Correlates of obesity in African-American girls: An overview. Obesity Research 12: 3S-6S.
Tappe MK, Duda JL, Ehrnwald PM. (1989). Preceived barriers to exercise among adolescents. Journal of School Health. 59(4):153-155.
US Department of Health and Human Services (USDHSS). (2000). Healthy People 2010 – Physical Activity and Fitness. [On Line]. Accessed at: http://www.healthy.gov/healthypeople.
Van der Bij AK, Laurant MGH, Wensing M. (2002),. Effectiveness of Physical Activity interventions for Older Adults. Am J Prev Med 22(2): 120-133.
Walcott-McQuigg JA, Zerwic JJ, Dan A, Kelley MA. (2001). An ecological approach to physical activity in African American women. Medscape General Medicine. 3(4).
Wang Y, Tussing L, Odoms-Young A, Braunschweig C, Flay B, Hedeker D, Hellison D. (2006). Obesity prevention in low socioeconomic status urban African-American adolescents: study design and preliminary findings of the HEALTH-KIDS Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 60:92-103.
Wilcox S, Castro C, King AC, Housemann R, and Brownson RC. (2000). Determinants of leisure time physical activity in rural compared with urban and ethnically diverse women in the united states. J Epidemiology Community Health. 54:667-672.
Wilcox S, Richter DL, Henderson KA, Greaney ML, Ainsworth BE. (2002). Perceptions of physical activity and personal barriers and enablers in African-American Women. Ethnicity & Disease. 12(3):353-362.