- Physical changes. During pregnancy, women are more likely to have sensitive gums (Breedlove, 2004).
- Changes in nutrition. Pregnancy can change dietary habits. In particular, increased carbohydrate intake may place women at an increased risk for cavities and gum disease (Casamassimo, 2001).
- Morning sickness. Morning sickness causes vomiting and nausea, which may cause erosion of the enamel of the teeth (Casamassimo, 2001).
Strategies to address these considerations
- Increase knowledge. Education about the importance of oral health for both the mother and the child may have a stronger impact during pregnancy. Providers can address concerns about the oral health check-up process, such as x-rays, medications and recommended treatment.
Print this window