- Increased risk of injury.Dental injuries are common among athletes (Jolly, 1996).
- Social norms. Athletes are often heavy users of smokeless tobacco. For baseball athletes especially, there is a unique environmental component that supports spit tobacco use as the social norm (Walsh, 1998).
Strategies to address these considerations
- Increase use of protective devices. It is important for coaches, parents, schools, community organizations and team associations to help athletes obtain proper fitting faceguards or mouth guards. The use of protective devices can be mandated in order to participate in the sport.
- Address social norms. Education, campaign and support strategies can be used to discourage athletes from using smokeless tobacco.
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