Nutrition

guy with fruitNutrition is the process of nourishing the body with food to maintain life. It involves the regular consumption of the proper amount of calories, vitamins, minerals, fiber and many other nutrients found in food.  The amount of nutrients necessary for healthy living differs among individuals based on age, gender, physical activity level and other factors.  Adequate nutrition promotes the maintenance of a healthy weight to prevent obesity and related diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and stroke. Inadequate nutrition may result in nutrient deficiencies such as calcium, folic acid and fatty acids that are essential for maintaining good health.

Increasing awareness and knowledge about the importance of proper nutrition and the consequences of poor nutritional habits is a first step for good health practices.  Developing skills for reading food labels and preparing healthy snacks and meals are important for improving nutritional behaviors.  Creating social support networks to encourage adoption of healthy nutritional habits can be accomplished through community cooking classes, dinner clubs, and offering healthy party snacks.  Increasing environmental support for healthy nutrition may be done through community gardens or farmers’ markets and increasing healthier food choices in school vending machines and lunches.

Background on Nutrition

Included in the Intervention MICA nutrition topic are considerations for implementing interventions with different populations and in different settings. Evidence-based strategies and interventions are described in detail. Action steps, tools and resources for planning and implementing a nutrition intervention are provided. Additionally, related Intervention MICA topics available include:

Other nutrition resources are available.  For information on changing food consumption patterns, increasing access to healthy foods and improving food supply factors, please visit the following websites:


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