Health Care Facility-based Settings

Health care facility-based interventions often entail nutrition counseling by a health care provider in public or private health care settings (e.g., doctor’s office, hospital, health department or assisted living facility). However, these interventions can also include training for health care professionals on the importance of nutritious food purchasing behaviors and food preparation. Some of the challenges in the health care setting include the limited time physicians or health care providers may have to visit with their individuals and the risk of information overload because of competing or related health priorities (e.g., physical activity, tobacco use or adherence to a medical pill regimen). Referrals can also be an important part of interventions in health care settings.

Previous work in health care facility-based settings has found:

  • Providing media posters in hospitals and clinics helps remind physicians to talk to their patients about meeting dietary guidelines and making healthy food choices.
  • Community health centers can reach low-income and racially diverse residents to provide nutrition education interventions.
  • Health care settings (e.g., hospitals, pharmacies, maternal clinics, dental clinics, WIC clinics, emergency rooms, newborn service providers, residential care facilities, and pediatrician clinics) are important settings for nutrition education interventions because of the natural provider-patient exchange.
  • Because organizations in health care facility-based settings assess and store information on individuals, they are well-suited for nutrition education interventions because individual information is already collected and communication systems for these individuals are already in place. These settings make it easier to distribute individually tailored information to participants.

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