Health Care Facility-based Settings

Health care facility-based interventions often entail motor vehicle injury prevention counseling by a health care provider in public or private health care settings (e.g., physician’s office, hospital, health department, or assisted living facility). These counseling sessions may require reminders or prompts for the provider to discuss motor vehicle safety as well as related risk factors (e.g., alcohol intake). These interventions can also include training for health care professionals on the importance of motor vehicle injury prevention (e.g., using restraints, avoiding impaired driving). Some of the challenges in the health care setting include the limited time health care providers may have to visit with their individuals and the risk of information overload because of competing or related health priorities. Referrals to other community resources can also be an important part of interventions in health care settings.

Previous work in health care facility-based settings has found:

  • Visual media placed in health care settings may help remind parents to use booster seats or help health care providers remember to speak with parents about motor vehicle safety.
  • Hospitals provide direct access to prenatal and postpartum patients and medical staff for safety seat education interventions.
  • Local community health centers provide a variety of services for low-income populations and reach an important audience for implementing motor vehicle safety interventions.
  • Health care settings (e.g., hospitals, pharmacies, maternal clinics, dental clinics, WIC clinics, emergency rooms, newborn service providers, residential care facilities, and pediatrician clinics) are important settings for motor vehicle injury prevention interventions because of the natural provider-patient exchange.
  • Because organizations in health care facility-based settings assess and store information on individuals, they are well-suited for individual education interventions because individual information is already collected and communication systems for these individuals are already in place. These settings make it easier to distribute individually tailored information to participants.

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