Faith-based interventions to prevent or manage diabetes may be important to consider in some communities because these settings have traditionally been places where people trust the information provided. Members of a faith community may be more likely to adhere to the messages conveyed across the pulpit or through faith leaders than through other sources. Faith-based programs to address diabetes may include interventions focused on the individual or the physical environment (e.g., diabetes education, nutritious foods available at church functions). In addition, recent evidence suggests the importance of developing faith-based programs that enhance social support for individuals to have healthy lifestyle behaviors (e.g., nutrition, physical activity).
Previous work in faith-based settings has found:
- Adding diabetes messages in church bulletins can reach populations in that might not respond to messages provided in other settings. Health messages may be trusted more coming from faith-based communities as opposed to the community at large.
- Based on success in recruiting and retaining individuals, along with positive outcomes, churches are an excellent setting in which to implement and evaluate diabetes education programs for the African American community, especially those in the middle to upper socioeconomic status, who are under-represented in health promotion interventions
- Churches are an important setting in which to conduct diabetes education sessions, since a high percentage of African Americans attend church and view it as an important institution within their community.
- Churches are conducive to group education programs since they typically have meeting space, cooking facilities, and other resources.