Home-based settings are good places to bring together family members to talk about colorectal cancer. Some high-risk populations may be easier to reach through mail campaigns or home-based case management. Internet-based education tools also allow families to think about and discuss colorectal cancer at home. Colorectal cancer interventions in home-based settings can require a lot of time and resources to reach as many people as possible. For more information about settings for healthy lifestyle behaviors, see Nutrition, Physical Activity and Tobacco.
Home-based interventions work best when used with interventions in other settings:
- Community-based settings: families can be encouraged to advocate for legislation for colorectal cancer screenings
- Worksite-based settings: worksites can provide flexible schedules so that people have time to take advantage of colorectal cancer screening opportunities.
- Health care facility-based settings: health care providers can give tailored feedback to individuals on colorectal cancer screening and mail fecal occult blood tests to homes
- Faith-based settings: faith-based organizations can provide outreach to individuals to improve education about and access to colorectal cancer screening
Things to consider for home-based interventions:
- Some individuals may find it difficult to participate in colorectal cancer interventions that require them to leave home. For example, individuals may not have transportation, they may have schedule conflicts or they may not have childcare. Colorectal cancer interventions in the home can help overcome these challenges.
- Colorectal cancer interventions in home-based settings are helpful for individuals who are unable to be part of interventions in other settings, such as individuals with physical or mental disabilities or limited mobility.
- The additional privacy of at-home colorectal cancer screening may help overcome barriers for those embarrassed about colorectal cancer or screening.
- Internet-based decision tools are useful, interactive ways to inform individuals about colorectal cancer without having to leave their homes. Internet-based colorectal cancer interventions may be particularly useful for those living in rural areas or those who with disabilities or limited mobility. However, not all individuals have access to computers or the internet in their homes. These tools must be at a reading level of fifth to eighth grade.
- Intervention strategies in home-based settings often emphasize emotional support alone or in addition to other forms of support.