Identifying Your Priority Populations

In completing the community health needs assessment and prioritization, populations most impacted by the priority health issues should have been identified. These are the people with which you will work to develop interventions.

priority populationsA priority population may be defined by:

•  demographic factors such as age, gender, race/ethnicity, income level, education attainment or grade level, marital status, or health care coverage status;
•  geography such as a region of a state or a specific community; or
•  a location in which the priority population may be reached such as a workplace, school or church.

In defining the priority population, consider the following:

    •  When completing the community health needs assessment, what disparities among demographic factors were identified?
  • What geographic disparities were identified, if any?
  • In what location(s) can the priority population be reached?
  • Are there subgroups within the priority population to consider?
  • What are the shared social and cultural characteristics of this community? (e.g., similar faith-based beliefs, shared history, common political interests)
  • What are other characteristics of the priority population that must be considered when planning an intervention?

You may learn more about your priority population through the Populations section of each intervention topic in Intervention MICA.

Printable Assessment, Prioritization and Priority Population Worksheet (.pdf) or (.doc)

After completing the community needs assessment to identify important health issues, prioritizing the health issues, and identifying the priority population an important next step is to evaluate the readiness to plan an intervention.

Continue to Readiness >>
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